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PESM202: Social & Cultural Aspects of Sports (Davakos)

Social and cultural aspects of sports, to include race, gender, ethnicity, violence, politics, deviance, and economics.

APA Citation Style Examples

Journal Articles

Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages–pages.

Reed, M. J., Kennett, D. J., Lewis, T., Lund-Lucas, E., Stallberg, C., & Newbold, I. L. (2009). The relative effects of university success courses and individualized interventions for students with learning disabilities. Higher Education Research & Development28(4), 385–400.

Newspaper Articles (online)

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Newspaper Title, pages–pages.

Associated Press. (2019, October 7). Unions sue USDA seeking to halt new pork processing rule. The New York Times.

Magazine Articles (online)

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume(Issue). http://xxxxx

  The supermarket of the future. (2017, May 23). Consumer Reports.

Books & eBooks

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book. Publisher.

  George, M. W. (2008). The elements of library research: What every student needs to know.  Princeton University Press.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author of Chapter, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher.

Shephered, S. (1988). Shakespeare's private writings: Shakespeare and secrets. In G. Holderness (Ed.), The Shakespeare myth (pp. 96–110). Manchester University Press.

Films (DVD / Streaming)

Director, A. A. (Director). (Year). Title of video [Film]. Production Company.

Bier, S. (Director). (2018). Bird box [Film]. Netflix; Chris Morgan Productions; Dylan Clark Productions.


Author (Year). Title of image [Photograph]. Website. http://xxxxx

Science in HD. (n.d.). Living large [Photograph]. Unsplash.

Online Videos (e.g. YouTube)

Author, A. A. [username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video]. Website. http://xxxxx

Vercamath. (2011, July 25). Parallel universes explained [Video]. YouTube.


Host, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day). Episode title (No. XX)  [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast.  Production Company. http://xxxxx

Mars, R. (Host). (2019, September 30). The help-yourself city (No. 375) [Audio podcast episode]. In 99% invisible. Radiotopia.

Webpages / Web Documents

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of page. Website. http://xxxxx

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2010). Facing down PTSD, vet is now soaring high.


More examples may be found here: